Biochemistry vocab. science

Posted by admin on January 23, 2018 in flash cards

Term Definition
mono one
di two
poly many
de to remove/take away
ose sugar
ase enzyme
saccharide sugar
hydro/A water
dehydrate to remove water
lysis to
synthesis to build or put together
Glyco sweet
hydrolysis breaking something down with water
dehydration synthesis putting something together by removing the water
Inorganic compounds compounds have either carbon or hydrogen
organic compounds compounds having both carbon and hydrogen
lipids (fats) organic molecules that can't be dissolved in water. they are made of glycerol and fatty acids
proteins organic molecules that are needed for growth and repair and are made of chains of amino acids
carbohydrates organic compounds that are the main source of energy for body and made of simple sugars
nucleic acids organic substances found in organism. They are made of nucleotides
Amino acids subunits or building blocks of proteins
peptide molecules composed of two or more amino acids in a chain
enzymes organic molecules that control the rate/speed of chemical reactions
catalyst compound that speeds up or slow down chemical reaction
denature changing the shape of the enzyme
dna hereditary material in the nucleus of almost every cell
RNA nucleic acids that assist DNA in making protein
monomer molecule that makes up the subunit of a polymer (ex. glucose + glucose
polymer macromolecule (big)made up of many monomers
glycogen molecule in which glucose is stored in the liver

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