GUNPOWDER EMPIRES

Posted by admin on January 23, 2018 in flash cards

Question Answer
Osman turks Late 13th century new group of turks under leader osman began to build power in the northwest corner of the Anatolian peninsula, early 14th century osman turks began to expand and began ottoman dynasty
Bosporus and Dardenelle straits Narrow passage ways separated by sea of marmar. Connected the Black Sea and Aegean Sea which lead to Mediterranean
Byzantine empire
Janissaries
Gun powder empire
Mehmed 11
Constanople New capitol (later named Istanbul) helped dominate the balkans and the Anatolian peninsula
Sultan King , president , leader
Harem Private domain of the sultan
Grand vizier
Sunni Muslims
Ulemna
Selim 1 Took control of Mesopotamia , Egypt, Arabia In control of holycitites: Jerusalem , Mecca, Medina Declared himself new caliph
Pashas
Spanish
Sulymen the magnicant
Shah ismail
Shiite islam
Shah Abbas the great
Safavids decline
Akbar the great
Under leadership of mehmed the ottomans moved to end the Byzantine empire , 80000 to 7000 mehmed lair siege to constanople, byzantines took final their final stand behind western edge of the city , fought for almost 2 months, may 29 walls were breached
Strong military elite guard Recruited from local Christian populationWea??re converted to islamTrained as foot soldiers or administrations served the sultan
Wea??re formed by outside conquers who unified the regions they conquered Success was based largely on mastery of firearm technology
Ended Byzantine empire Laide siege to constanople
Imperial council led by grand vizier
Religious community member
Religious advisors Administrated legal systems and the schools
Central gov appointed officials who collected taxes maintain law and order , directly responsible to the sultans court in constanople
Turks eventually moved to Austria and western Mediterranean till Spanish defeated large ottoman fleet in 1571
Reached heightAfter death sultans became less involved in gov, ministers more power, corruption grew
Capture much of Persia and Iraq including bangkokDeclared himself shah (king) Proclaimed Shiite to be official region of the Safavids
Direct descendant of mahummad
Euro opponents of turks aided Shah in conflicts w the ottomans Foreigners occupied high positions in gov to avoid favoritism of one group w his multiethnic realmNew cap isfahan center of equisite art,craft production,in textiles,rugs,painting,ceramics
Encroachments of highly independent turko Iranian tribes men Influenced from European imperials Collapsed by 1720s under Turkish and Afghan attacka??s Many sub divisions in islam fought eachother
Baburs grandson, most distinguished ruler, Mughul empire came to control most of subcontinentIlliterate but still reorganized central govDeveloped multinational bureaucracy to run itRelgious tolerance, reformed society, important to heal branches
Sikhs New religion derived from Hindus and muslimsCloser to Hindu beliefFought last Mughal rulers and dominated northwest punjab province
Taj mahal Tomb of wife of much loved wife of shah Jahan Most famous Persian Indian architecture style
Aurangzeb Governing class was almost entirely Muslim againHindus sometimes imitated their habits of dress and manor , brother put to death and imprisoned father Forbade Hindu customs Tired to forbade drinking and gambling Forced Hindus to convert
Religious conflicts
Religious tolerance
Motivating factors for expansion
Akbar the great cont) Important to heal breach between Hindu and MuslimMarried Hindu princessHindus given equal opportunity to obtain highest gov positionsRajputs became allies Repealed tax on non MuslimsValued education: Persian language
Shah Jahan Expanded boundariesInhereted empty treasure Raised taxesMost lived in poverty

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